Bogota

Bogota

Urban areas

The city is conditionally divided into rich and poor areas. Tourists need to wander around the main areas of Bogota.

  1. The heart of the city is the Candelaria area with colonial architecture, beautiful streets, expensive shops and hotels. It is always crowded here and the atmosphere of continuous celebration reigns. Local carnivals are held in this area, city ​​holidays, open air concerts.
  2. Las Nieves is a hub of business. Here are the main offices of large companies. Modern architecture, many skyscrapers made of concrete and glass.
  3. La Macarela is also a tourist destination. District with traditional Latin American architecture, old houses and narrow streets with cozy restaurants.

La Macarella district

Gold Museum

Путешествуя по Боготе, загляните в одно из интереснейших мест страны — Музей золота. Культ этого драгоценного металла существовал здесь еще в доколумбовую эпоху — местные племена считали его священным веществом, able to store energy, поэтому изделия из него использовались не только во время религиозных действий, но и в быту. И по сей день колумбийцы верят, что когда-то на территории их страны находилась легендарная страна Эльдорадо с гигантскими запасами золота.

С приходом испанцев большая часть золотых изделий была вывезена в Европу, however, the locals managed to preserve part of their heritage, спрятав его на дне озер, в пещерах и тайниках. Именно эти находки и составили основу коллекции музея. Today it has over 26,000 exhibits, многие из которых обладают довольно внушительными размерами. The "golden raft" is especially surprising, made, по мнению ученых, задолго до нашей эры: impressive platform, выполненная целиком из благородного металла и украшенная статуями вождя и воинов.

History

Конкистадор Хименес де Кесада — основатель Боготы

6 april 1536 the governor and adelantado of the province of Santa Marta Pedro Hernanes de Lugo sent his deputy, conquistador Jimenez de Quesada, with a detachment in 500 person, partly on 5 brigas upstream of the Magdalena River, частично — сушей вдоль реки; Jimenez de Quesada set out on the trade route, where salt was transported by the Indians, medium of exchange, from the Caribbean coast inland, reached the fertile Cundinamarca plateau after nine months. Two brigs were lost in the campaign, один — с людьми. The valley itself, where was Bogotá, were the first to find those sent on reconnaissance from 25 people captains Antonio de Lebrija and Juan de Cespedes. By that time, due to clashes with Indian tribes and diseases, the detachment remained 170 person, however, it was not difficult for them to conquer the Chibcha tribe inhabiting the area: mistaking the Spaniards for gods, Indians surrendered without much resistance. The name of the city and its Indian buildings in Spanish documents is first mentioned in the report of the royal officials Juan de San Martin and Antonio de Lebrija, who took personal part in the campaign of Jimenez de Quesada (July ):

Bogota was founded by the Spanish colonialists in 1538 year in the area, which was the center of the ancient civilization of the Chibcha Indians.
Богота расположилась на месте индейской крепости Баката и стала столицей Новой Гранады — такое название Кесада дал завоёванной территории.

When the city was founded, he was given the name Santa Fe de Bogota. Санта-Фе — это католический праздник Преображения, 6 August, the city was founded on this day. Over time, only the ending of the name remained.

Since Bogotá was the capital of the Spanish captaincy general, а с — вице-королевства Новая Гранада.
Defender of the city in 1573 year Archbishop of Bogotá Luis Zapata de Cardenas declared Saint Isabella, because the head (as a sacred relic) Isabella the Hungarian queen, donated in Madrid by Queen Anne of Austria (last wife of Philip II), he carried with him, but in 1573 year placed it in a silver box in the main church of the city, and the day of veneration for this saint was set for 19 November.

Napoleonic Wars in Europe sparked an upsurge in the national liberation struggle in Latin America. After Napoleon invaded Spain and instead of the deposed King Ferdinand VII elevated his brother Joseph Bonaparte to the throne, Creoles of Bogota pledged allegiance to Ferdinand VII, a 20 July, the Creole elite proclaimed self-government of New Granada until the restoration of the power of the rightful king. Power in the country passed into the hands of the Supreme Junta. In honor of these events 20 July Colombia celebrates Independence Day. Following Bogota, other cities declared independence.

Uprising "Bogotaso" in 1948 year

Returning to power in , Ferdinand made an attempt to restore the former absolute control of New Granada, what caused a new upsurge of the liberation movement. Only thanks to the introduction into the colony of a Spanish army of many thousands was it possible to restore and re-establish Spanish rule.

Bogota was liberated from the Spaniards by the army of Simon Bolivar only in 1819 year. At the same time, independence was proclaimed, and Bogotá became the capital of the Federal Republic of Colombia, or Greater Colombia; in 1831 year, after the secession of Venezuela and Ecuador, — снова столицей Новой Гранады, с — Соединённых Штатов Колумбии, а с — Колумбии.

At the end of the 19th century, Bogotá became the center of the country's revolutionary movement. During the Ninth Inter-American Conference, held in the capital in spring 1948 of the year, there was absolutely murder of progressive Colombian leader Jorge Gaitan. His ideas for ways to transform Colombian society were popular among the poorest segments of the population., therefore, Gaitan's assassination led to riots in the capital.

An armed uprising begins in Bogota, anti-conservative, which spread to other parts of the country. The riots were suppressed by troops with the support of tank units. As a result of battles, unfolding on the streets of Bogota, died about 2000 person. The central part of the capital was destroyed. Many buildings were burned. It took many years to restore the city to its original appearance. In the second half of the 20th century, Bogotá was the center of numerous internal political conflicts..

Hospitable capital

This city will intrigue any traveler. Tourists still have an opinion, that this is a city of drug barons and mafia, which plays its scary games. Actually, for many years, how Bogota went from a dubious place to a fashionable, economic and cultural center of Colombia. This place, where you can hide from the crowds of tourists, plunge into a completely different rhythm and way of life.
Colombia and Bogota including - a mountainous area, the city is located in the heart of the country in the Cordillera mountains. In Bogota, tourists will have to adapt, because she is on top 2400 m above sea level and feeling unwell on the first day of stay does not surprise anyone

The time difference between Bogota and our belt is 8 hours (which is also important for the human body).
Bogota was founded by the Spaniards approximately 500 years ago. Despite the state Spanish, almost everyone knows english

The city is densely populated, more than 8 million people.

Bogota and its attractions

Bolivar Square

Центральная достопримечательность Боготы и место, откуда стартуют почти все экскурсии по городу, — площадь Боливара. Это не просто исторический и административный центр, но и самое любимое горожанами место. It's always noisy here, tourists feed pigeons, а жители столицы назначают встречи и просто прогуливаются по вечерам. Площадь носит имя первого президента и освободителя Колумбии Симона Боливара, в центре располагается его конный монумент, а вокруг можно полюбоваться на архитектурные памятники разных эпох и стилей.

В период праздников площадь преображается — традиционно ее весьма пышно украшают, в особенности в Рождество.

Famous buildings located around the square: neoclassical National Capitol, available for free visit, если заранее договориться об экскурсии, Дворец Юстиции и Кафедральный собор, а также Президентский дворец, возле которого ежедневно в 17.00 можно наблюдать церемонию смены почетного караула.

Hotels in Bogota

Bogotá budget hotels can be found in the La Candelaria area, most of the youth hostels in the capital also live here, where friendly and talkative tourists from all over the world live. Historic city center and major museums, and also some decent nightclubs are within walking distance. but, despite, that the area is considered relatively safe, you shouldn't walk here one evening and take a lot of cash with you.

Более безопасный район — Zona T или Parque de la 93, however, hotels are not much more expensive here. But in these areas there will never be a problem with a taxi in 6 in the morning: there is a nightclub in almost every building, whose guests just like to leave only in the morning.

Mid-range hotels can be found near universities (eg, Chapinero Neighborhood) or in the historic city center.

All links retrieved June 14, 2016.

  • Harvard University Gazette, Academic turns city into a social experiment Text on Antanas Mockus’ many strategies to change Bogotá
  • Lonely Planet, Introducing Bogotá
  • Bogota Colombia South America
  • Google Earth Bogotá Map

Capitals of South America

Assumption, Paraguay ·
Bogota, Colombia ·
Brasilia, Brazil ·
Buenos Aires, Argentina ·
Caracas, Venezuela ·
Cayenne, French Guiana ·
Georgetown, Guyana ·
Grytviken, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands ·
Peace, Bolivia ·
Lima, Peru ·
Montevideo, Uruguay ·
Paramaribo, Suriname ·
Quito, Ecuador ·
Santiago, Chile ·
Sugar, Bolivia ·
Stanley, Falkland Islands

Leisure

Для насыщенного отдыха в Боготе есть множество вариантов, однако в первую очередь большинство туристов наслаждается потрясающей природой места. Сделать это можно в самом большом парке имени Симона Боливара или же отправившись в уникальный Ботанический сад «Хардин», на территории которого произрастает более 800 species of local flora.

Если прогулки по садам и заповедникам кажутся вам скучными, есть вариант и более веселого времяпрепровождения — посещения аквапарка со множеством водных горок или местного театра Colon, названным удивительнейшим театром в мире. Возведенное в 1885 year, здание театра признано одним из 7 чудес света страны, а также ее архитектурным наследием.

Ценители культурного досуга должны обязательно побывать в Боготе в дни иберо-американского театрального фестиваля, когда в город стекаются тысячи театральных трупп со всего мира. Фестиваль проходит дважды в год и очень напоминает своей яркостью, настроением и обилием мероприятий европейский карнавал. В фестивале принимают участие профессиональные группы, цель которых — продемонстрировать свое искусство публике, а также наладить контакты с коллегами. В день проходит несколько спектаклей, многие из которых показывают на улице.

Food

Any journey also leaves gastronomic memories of new dishes. Colombian cuisine is no exception. Food is delicious in Bogota, like in simple cafes, and in expensive restaurants. Here, the freshness of the products and the culinary tradition always remain at a high level.. Ceviche is the main national dish, which came here from Peruvian cuisine yet 2000 years ago. It consists of fish and seafood and is in demand like local, and tourists. Various rich soups and broths are also popular in the city.. Ajiaco worth trying (local soup), uncle (low alcohol drink), coca leaf tea. The gastronomic places of Bogotá will be useful for tourists to plan their itinerary.

Andres in Bogota

  1. Steakhouse and salsa bar "Andres", besides good steaks, also offers an atmosphere - a crazy surreal interior will not leave anyone indifferent. There are always many visitors here, smells delicious and rumba sounds until morning: you can dance right between the tables, which is what almost all guests do with great pleasure.
  2. La Mar Cebicheria restaurant - a pretentious place, where you can taste the most tender grilled octopus. This delicacy will cost a lot, near 50 dollars, but it's worth it.
  3. Casa San Isidro restaurant - expensive place with Peruvian cuisine, where meat is cooked beautifully.
  4. The False Door., Cafe Casa Galeria., Cafe Mundano, Cafe Camino House - popular among tourists budget cafes with local cuisine and flavor.

If you have time and money, then you need to visit Bogota at least, to change the cultural picture of the world habitual for our worldview. Colombia will not be clear to everyone, even after visiting it, but it does not mean, that you shouldn't go there.

Prices in Bogota

Colombia is a relatively inexpensive tourist country. Prices in Bogota are also low:

  • cheap city transport - from 70 cents;
  • reasonable prices for souvenirs;
  • food prices are quite adequate: here are relatively cheap vegetables and fruits, you can wholeheartedly enjoy exotic, walking through the local street markets, but the meat is expensive;
  • dinner in a budget restaurant will cost approximately 10 dollars per person: almost every cafe has budget breakfasts and lunches 3-5 dollars.

Entertainment here is also affordable for everyone: the ticket to the museum costs 3 dollar, at a concert 5-10 dollars, excursions - from 10 to 15 dollars. It is worth taking a taxi in the city 3 dollar.

How to get to Bogota

El Dorado International Airport is located in 20 minutes drive from the city center. All domestic flights (from Cali, Cartagena and Medellin) arrive at the Puente Aereo terminal, which is equipped with wifi.

You can get to the center by: 1) official taxi: first you need to find a counter at the airport, choose the desired direction, and take the printed "coupon", which will indicate the cost of the trip. Then get off to the taxi rank, show coupon to driver, say address. You must pay at the end of the trip and only that amount, which is printed in the "coupon". Usually, the trip to the center will be from 25 to 30 000 COP. 2) bus, which stop is a few meters from the exit from the airport. Fare 3600 COP.

Prices on the page are for March 2019 r.

Shopping

В плане шопинга Богота — это отличное место, ведь именно здесь можно приобрести не только товары известных производителей и брендов, но и уникальные изделия ремесленников, и самобытные сувениры. Topics, кто планирует не только приобрести все необходимое, но и провести время всей семьей, стоит отправиться в торгово-развлекательный центр Centro Andino, где вы найдете множество магазинов и уютных кафе, а также современный кинотеатр.

Если же вас больше интересует покупка сувениров, загляните на местные рынки, where there is a huge selection of gift items, вроде обезьянок из кокосовой скорлупы или картин, написанных маслом и акрилом, coffee, украшений из драгоценных камней, национальной одежды и многого другого. Один из популярных рынков расположен в старинном районе Ла-Канделярия.

Demographics

The largest and most populous city in Colombia, Bogotá had 7,881,156 inhabitants residing in 2,262,251 dwellings in its metropolitan area according to the 2005 census.

Reliable figures on ethnicity are difficult to establish as the national census dropped references to race after 1918, recognizing the impossibility of objective racial classification and not wishing to emphasize ethnic or racial differences. In the late 1980s estimates concluded that mestizos (white-Indian mix) constituted approximately 50 percent of the population, whites 25 percent, mulattoes (black-white mix) and zambos (black-Indian mix) 20 percent, blacks 4 percent, and Indians 1 percent. The varying groups are found in differing concentrations throughout the nation, with the whites tending to live mainly in the urban centers, particularly in Bogotá. After the 1940s, the mestizos began moving to the cities, where they became part of the urban working class or urban poor.

Infrastructure

Health

Health services in Bogotá are administered by the District Department of Health and funded by a contribution of four percent of all employees’ income. Non-employed persons are covered under a subsidized health regime, in which the contribution depends on the income level.

The city has many health centers, private clinics and state hospitals that render medical and hospital services. There are 142 public medical clinics and 22 health organizations that render services to more than 4,900,000 patients.

Transportation

Bogotá has an extensive modern transportation system comprising in excess of 15,000 buses, vans (medium size buses), collective (vans or minivans), taxis and the Transmilenio (92 articulated buses implemented in 2001). Buses are the main means of mass transportation. Bogotá is also a hub for national and international bus routes with the main terminal serving routes to the majority of cities and towns in Colombia and international services to Ecuador and Venezuela.

Bogotá’s main airport, El Dorado International Airport, handles all domestic and international flights. In 2007, a major expansion was begun that will expand the airport’s capacity from the current 8 million passengers per year to 16 million passengers per year. A smaller airport, Guaymaral Airport, serves as a base for Police Aviation and all general aviation activities.

Economy

Business center of Bogota

Bogotá is Colombia's largest economic center (along with Medellin, Cali and Barranquilla) and one of the most important economic centers in South America. Общий ВВП столицы составляет $86 billion dollars, which is a quarter of the GDP of all Colombia, per capita on average accounts for 10 000 dollars and according to this indicator Bogota is in 6th place among the cities of South America. Most Colombian companies are headquartered in Bogota. Also Bogota is the most important industrial and financial center of Colombia., most of the private banks in Colombia are headquartered here, Bank of the Republic, etc..

In terms of the globality index, Bogota was inferior to other cities in South America in 2010-2012: Buenos Aires, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, but ahead of Caracas.

Communication culture

Since my favorite language is English, in six months I have formed a stable circle of friends from expats, as well as fearless Russians, direct embodiment of all existing stereotypes about us. My friendship with Colombians does not work out due to the language barrier, since I don't really like Spanish, but most of all due to their speech etiquette, which is directly opposite to my business habit. Colombians are terribly polite people, using a huge number of speech structures, aimed at making you seem cute, with no aggression. It's okay to be late for meetings here., because on the way you are obliged to hug all your acquaintances and inquire about their well-being, as well as the affairs of their families.

Administrative division

Areas Square,km² Population,people. (2005)
1 Made (Usaquen) 65,31 449 621
2 Chapinero (Chapinero) 38,99 122 991
3 Santa Fe (Santa Fe) 44,87 107 044
4 San Cristobal (San Cristobal) 48,16 460 414
5 Usme (Usme) 215,56 267 423
6 Tunhuelito (Tunjuelito) 10,28 204 367
7 Boss (Bosa) 23,92 475 694
8 Kennedy (Kennedy) 38,57 973 332
9 Fontibon (Fontibón) 33,26 312 629
10 Engativa (Engativá) 35,56 781 138
11 Suba (Go up) 100,54 780 267
12 Barrios Unidos (United Neighborhoods) 11,90 176 552
13 Teusakillo (Teusaquillo) 14,21 126 125
14 Los Martires (The Martyrs) 6,55 95 541
15 Antonio Nariño (Antonio nariño) 4,93 98 355
16 Puente Aranda (Aranda Bridge) 17,24 282 491
17 La Candelaria (La Candelaria) 1,84 23 985
18 Raphael Uribe Uribe (Rafael Uribe Uribe) 13,44 376 711
19 Ciudad Bolivar (Bolivar City) 129,98 658 477
20 Sumapas (Sumapaz) 780,96 2 478

Sports

Colombians' relationship with sports is well described by the word "madness". In Europe we consider, what more passionate people, than the British, no, we know about their football hooligans, and any Russian football fan, usually, very familiar with the English league. In case of emergency, outside Europe for the football world there is Brazil with Argentina. Local football fanaticism pushed me away from it, and although I attend football matches in stadiums, a "Santa Fe", which I am rooting for, became the first Colombian team last year, who took the South American Cup, there is a very clear inflection point with passion for football. For Colombian commentators, there are no team mistakes at all, here on TV they talk for hours, how such and such a judge screwed up and how someone "was just unlucky"

In 1994, a former defender of the national team was killed in Colombia for, что во время игры против США имел неосторожность забить в свои ворота.

However, the most revealing story happened last summer., during Copa America. When Colombia played against Venezuela, I went with my Venezuelan friends to watch the match in the Bogota park in the north of the city. There was a huge screen installed, and half of Bogota and we are on the grass, ten people, supported Venezuela. We did it very loudly, they poked us in the back and yelled with loudspeakers in our ears, as a result, after the first goal against Colombia, our friend said, that "we won't leave here alive". When Venezuela won, local TV company interviewed us, and my friend, when we jumped loudly and rejoiced in victory, whistled the phone. That's about all, что вам нужно знать о футбольных фанатах здесь.

Weather, climate, temperature by months in Bogota

Season Autumn Winter Spring Summer
Month Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug year
Record maximum °C 23 22 27 27 28 25 28 30 23 25 27 27 30
Average maximum °C 18 18 18 18 18 18 19 18 18 17 17 17 18
average temperature °C 13 13 13 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 12 12 13
Average minimum °C 7 8 8 7 6 7 8 8 8 8 8 7 8
Record minimum °C -2 -2 -2 -3 -2 -3
Rain Days 4 7 12 3 3 3 7 7 8 4 2 3 63
Fog Days 17 20 21 24 25 21 21 17 17 12 11 14 220
Thunderstorm Days 7 13 12 6 5 5 9 10 8 3 2 3 83
Rainfall Mm. 50 140 110 60 40 50 80 110 100 60 40 40 880
Air humidity % 80 85 85 85 80 80 85 85 85 80 80 80 83
Humidity in the morning % 92 92 93 94 95 94 93 93 92 91 90 91 93
Humidity in the evening % 68 74 76 73 67 68 70 73 72 69 66 65 70
Wind speed Km / h 14 9 12 12 14 14 14 8 8 14 14 14 12
Length of the day Hours 13 12 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 12
Dew point °C 9 10 10 9 8 9 10 10 10 10 8 8 111
Sum of active temperatures °C 92 103 100 95 78 86 121 117 112 100 95 86 1184
Solar radiation Mj/m2 19 18 17 18 19 19 18 17 17 18 19 19 18

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Bogota – Nearest airports

Total 10 records.

Bogota LMSHeliportSeabaseClosed
8 km Bogota L
44 km Villavicencio M
51 km Gomez Nino Apiay Air Base Apiay M
54 km Girardot M
69 km Mariquita M
72 km La Dorada M
74 km Ibague M
82 km Tunja M
100 km Manizales M
115 km Pereira M

Cities close to Bogota

Showing entries 1-10 of 495.

Country Region City Expenses The quality of life Climate Safety
Colombia Month 1-10 1-10 1-10
0 km Colombia Bogota D.C. Bogota 7,674,366 378 USD 4.9 9.8 4.9
132 km Colombia Antioquia Medellin 1,999,979 279 USD 5.7 9.9 6.4
384 km Colombia Atlantic Barranquilla 1,380,425 363 USD
162 km Colombia Cauca's Valley Kali 2,392,877 271 USD 4.5 5.7 5.2
358 km Colombia Bolivar Cartagena 952,024
161 km Colombia Santander To Bukhara 571,820
90 km Colombia Caldas Manisales 357,814
200 km Colombia Cauca Popayan 258,653
70 km Colombia Boyacá Tunha 117,479
280 km Colombia Narino Pasta 382,236

Culture

National Museum of Colombia

The main museums of Colombia are concentrated in Bogota. There are nine in total: Archaeological Museum, Museum of arts and folk traditions, Gold Museum, Urban Development Museum, Colonial Art Museum, Museum of religious art, National Museum of Colombia, Modern Art Museum, Mint - Numismatic collection of the Bank of the Republic, House-Museum of Simon Bolivard.

Музей золота в Боготе — единственный в мире музей, which contains unique works of art of the pre-Columbian era, handmade by Indian craftsmen. Besides, there is a museum, donated to the city by the famous Colombian painter and sculptor Fernando Botero, where the collection of paintings and sculptures is kept, belonging to the artist himself, а также его личное собрание картин европейских художников — представителей импрессионизма, cubism and other areas of painting.

Bogotá had a rich cultural life. Columbia Academy is located here, National University of Columbia (opened in ) and other higher education institutions. IN 1910 the National Conservatory was founded, а в — Национальный симфонический оркестр. IN 1791 Colombia's first weekly newspaper launched in Bogota. Across 20 years in the capital, four newspapers have already been printed. This was followed by the rapid development of the press throughout the 19th century.. The National Radio and Television Organization was established. The National News Agency "Kolprensa" operates. There are a large number of theaters and art galleries. Iberoamerican Theater Festival, taking place in Bogota every 2 years in April, considered today the world's largest theater festival.

The city has a botanical garden, which presents many types of exotic plants. The annual and most important sporting show of the capital is bullfighting, collecting from 100 to 150 thousand. spectators.

Every year the city hosts the Bogotino half marathon. Football clubs Millonarios and Santa Fe are based.

Mount Monserrate

Богота располагается в ущелье, surrounded by mountain peaks. Одна из них — гора Монсеррате — имеет особое значение, не случайно ее почитали еще индейцы, а католические служители церкви объявили священной. IN 1627 году на горе построили монастырь и католический собор — Базилику распятого Христа. Чтобы совершить молитву к ней стекаются тысячи паломников ежегодно, because it is considered, that the crucifix stored here is capable of healing.

Подняться на гору можно пешком — путь довольно трудный, но многие выбирают именно его. Есть варианты и проще — на канатной дороге и фуникулере, но даже самый сложный подъем на вершине будет вознагражден потрясающим видом на город.

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